Fifth Amrita Heart Conclave with focus on totally endoscopic Mitral Valve Repair
Kochi: The 5th Amrita Heart Conclave will be held at the Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences Kochi on December 14 and 15. This edition of the conclave conducted by the Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery will focus on totally endoscopic mitral valve repair.
This year, Dr. Patrick Perier, a world-renowned Cardiac Surgeon from Germany will share his experiences at the conclave which is an annual cardiac surgical meeting conducted by the department. Over 100 surgeons from India and neighboring countries will be attending the conclave. The aim of this edition is to impart knowledge on the technique and advantages of minimally invasive mitral valve repair. This technique of repair for the mitral valve is relatively new and in India for the last few years s and is only being done in a few centers in India.
The mitral valve is one of the valves in the heart separating the left sided upper and lower chambers and its basic function is to provide unidirectional flow of blood. In some patients this valve becomes dysfunctional and starts to leak causing symptoms of breathlessness and fast heartbeat. It is in this scenario, if medicines do not help, that mitral valve repair is needed.
The surgical treatment of mitral valve leak had conventionally been replacing the valve with an artificial valve. Though this is a time-tested technique it has its disadvantages being an artificial valve mainly being valve degeneration over time and complication related to the medicines needed for patients with valve replacement. This leads to patients who undergo valve replacement having a life expectancy lower than the normal population. Mitral valve repair, as opposed to the replacement of the valve, has several advantages mainly being retaining the patient’s own valve and the avoidance of any special medication to prevent blood clotting. Also, people who undergo mitral valve repair as opposed to replacement if operated early enough can expect to have a normal life expectancy.
Conventionally mitral valve surgery is done by an open technique through a large incision in the center of the chest. Now, in this relatively newer technique, the heart's mitral valve is repaired through a keyhole incision through the right chest. The technique involves minimally invasive techniques and the use of a 3D camera for better visualization. The advantage of the minimally invasive approach is for faster patient recovery from their surgery and also a better cosmetic result.